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How Risk-based customer Due Diligence (CDD) works, and why it is essential component of KYC

Customer Due Diligence (CDD) is an essential component of KYC (Know Your Customer) compliance. It involves the collection and verification of customer information to prevent financial crimes such as money laundering, terrorist financing, and fraud. Risk-based customer due diligence is a more targeted approach to CDD that focuses on higher-risk customers.


What is risk-based customer due diligence?


Risk-based customer due diligence is a process that involves assessing the level of risk posed by a customer and tailoring the CDD procedures accordingly. This approach recognizes that not all customers pose the same level of risk and that the level of due diligence required should be commensurate with the level of risk.


Risk is assessed based on various factors, including the customer's nature of business, geographic location, and transaction history. Customers who are deemed to pose a higher risk of financial crime are subject to more stringent CDD procedures than low-risk customers.


How does risk-based customer due diligence work?


The risk-based approach to CDD involves several steps, including:

Risk assessment: The first step is to assess the level of risk posed by the customer. This involves analyzing various factors, including the customer's nature of business, geographic location, and transaction history.


Tailored CDD procedures: Based on the risk assessment, the level of CDD required is determined. Higher-risk customers are subject to more stringent CDD procedures, such as enhanced due diligence (EDD), while low-risk customers may require only simplified due diligence (SDD).


Ongoing monitoring: Once the initial CDD procedures are completed, ongoing monitoring is necessary to ensure that the customer's risk profile has not changed. This includes monitoring transactions and behavior for any unusual activity that may indicate financial crime.


Why is risk-based customer due diligence essential?


Focused on high-risk customers:

Risk-based CDD allows businesses to focus their resources on higher-risk customers who are more likely to be involved in financial crime. By tailoring CDD procedures to the level of risk posed by the customer, businesses can allocate their resources more effectively and efficiently.


Compliance with regulatory requirements:

Regulators require businesses to implement risk-based CDD as part of their KYC compliance program. Failure to do so can result in significant penalties, including fines and reputational damage.


Prevention of financial crime:

Risk-based CDD is an effective tool in preventing financial crime. By identifying high-risk customers and subjecting them to more stringent CDD procedures, businesses can detect and prevent financial crime before it occurs.


Building customer trust:

Implementing risk-based CDD as part of KYC compliance sends a strong message to customers that businesses take their compliance obligations seriously. It builds trust and confidence in the business's ability to protect their assets and prevent financial crime.



Risk-based customer due diligence is an essential component of KYC compliance. It allows businesses to focus their resources on higher-risk customers, comply with regulatory requirements, prevent financial crime, and build customer trust. With the increasing complexity of financial crime, risk-based CDD is more important than ever to ensure businesses remain compliant and protect themselves and their customers. About Flaminem

Flaminem is a software company, which offers a cloud-based platform to digitize the KYC processes of your customers and / or suppliers.


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